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Front Matter

Guidelines for SGML Text Mark-up at the Electronic Text Center
David Seaman, Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia
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In addition to <teiHeader> and <body>, some texts may also have two other main sections: <front> and <back>.

The <front> typically encloses the following:

  • Images: of the cover, spine, endpapers (if visually interesting), frontispiece, and titlepage.
  • Text encoding: of the titlepage and any prefatory material which might include a table of contents, list of illustrations, dedication, introduction, preface, epigraph.
  • Everything in "front" matter will be wrapped by the <front> </front> tag.

       For Example:

<TEI.2 id="AusEmma">
<teiHeader>
[Source and processing information goes here]
</teiHeader>

<text id="AusEmma">
<front>
[Front Matter Text Goes Here]
</front>

<body>
[Main Body of Text Goes Here]
</body>

<back>
[Back Matter (appendices, index, etc.) Goes Here]
</back>
</text>
</TEI.2>


Attribute Types and Structural Divisions within <front>

Each of these items will be tagged with a <div1>:

  • <div1 type="cover"> encloses all images pertaining to front matter.
  • <div1 type="contents"> a table of contents.
  • <div1 type="dedicat"> a formal offering or dedication.
  • <div1 type="frontis"> a pictorial frontispiece, possibly containing text.
  • <div1 type="preface"> a forward or preface by the author, explaining the content, origin or purpose of the text.

The title-page transcription

  • <titlePage> : marks off the title page of a given text

  • <byline> : contains the primary statement of responsibility given for a work on its title page

  • <docAuthor> : marks off the author as named on the titlepage

  • <docTitle> : contains the title itself, as well as its subsections

  • <titlePart> : marks a particular subsection of the title, which may be given the following attributes:

    • type="main" : the main title of the work
    • type="sub" : a subtitle of the work
    • type="alt" : alternative title of the work
    • type="desc" : descriptive paraphrase of the work included in the title

  • <docImprint> : the imprint statement, which includes the place and date of publication and the publisher's name

  • <epigraph> : a short quotation or citation at the beginning of a work to indicate a sentiment, moral, or mood. This should contain bibliographical information if possible.


Examples of Title Page Encoding

The following examples of titlepage markup are drawn from encoded texts at The Electronic Text Center:

    Arthur Judson Brown's New Forces in Old China (1904):

  1. <text id="BroChin">
    <front>
    <div1 type="cover">
    <head></head>
    <p><figure entity="BroCcvr"><figDesc>Illustration of cover</figDesc></p>
    <p><figure entity="BroCspn"><figDesc>Illustration of spine</figDesc></p>
    </div1>
    <div1 type="frontis">
    <head></head>
    <p><figure entity="BroCfpc"><head>RAILWAY STATION, PAOTING-FU</head><figDesc>People getting on and off of a train at PAOTING-FU</figDesc> </figure></p>
    </div1>
    <titlePage>
    <titlePart type="illus">
    <figure entity="BroCtitl"></figure><figDesc>Illustration of title-page</figDesc>
    </titlePart>
    <docTitle>
    <titlePart type="main">New Forces in Old China</titlePart>
    <titlePart type="sub">An Inevitable Awakening</titlePart>
    </docTitle>
    <byline>By
    <docAuthor>ARTHUR JUDSON BROWN</docAuthor><lb />
    <hi>Author of "The New Era in the Philippines"</hi>
    </byline>
    <docImprint>
    SECOND EDITION<lb />
    <pubPlace>New York</pubPlace><pubPlace>Chicago</pubPlace>
    <pubPlace>Toronto</pubPlace><lb />
    Fleming H. Revell Company<lb />
    <pubPlace>London</pubPlace>and<pubPlace>Edinburgh</pubPlace>

    <pb />

    Copyright,<date>1904</date>, by<lb />
    FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY<lb />
    <pubPlace>New York: 158 Fifth Avenue</pubPlace><lb />
    <pubPlace>Chicago: 63 Washington Street</pubPlace><lb />
    <pubPlace>Toronto: 27 Richmond Street, W</pubPlace><lb />
    <pubPlace>London: 21 Paternoster Square</pubPlace><lb />
    <pubPlace>Edinburgh: 30 St. Mary Street</pubPlace><lb />
    </docImprint>
    </titlePage>

    <pb n="1" />

    <div1 type="dedicat">
    <head></head>
    <p><hi>To my Friends in China</hi></p>
    </div1>

    <pb n="2" />

    <div1 type="preface">
    <head>Preface</head>
    [TEXT OF PREFACE GOES HERE]
    </div1>

    <pb n="6" />

    <div1 type="preface">
    <head>Preface to the Second Edition</head>
    [TEXT OF SECOND PREFACE GOES HERE]
    </div1>

    <pb n="7" />

    <div1 type="contents">
    <head>Contents</head>
    [TABLE OF CONTENTS GOES HERE]
    </div1>

    <pb n="10" />

    <div1 type="illust">
    <head>List of Illustrations</head>
    [LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS GOES HERE]

    </div1>
    </front>

    To see what this encoding looks like when it becomes HTML, CLICK HERE



    Eleanor H. Porter's Pollyanna Grows Up (1914):

  2. <text id="PorPoll">
    <front> <div1 type="cover">
    <head></head>
    <p><figure entity="PorPoFco"><figDesc>Image of the book's front cover</figDesc>
    </figure></p>
    <p><figure entity="PorPolSp"><figDesc>Image of the book's spine</figDesc>
    </figure></p>
    <p><figure entity="PorPoAd1"><figDesc>Image of an advertisement for Eleanor Porter's other books</figDesc>
    </figure></p>
    <p><figure entity="PorPofro"><head>"Jimmy looked down at the wistful, eager face."</head><figDesc>Image of the frontispiece. Illustration of Jimmy standing next to a seated Pollyanna.</figDesc>
    </figure></p>
    <p><figure entity="PorPolTi"><figDesc>Image of the book's title page</figDesc>
    </figure></p>
    </div1>

    <pb />
    <titlePage>
    <docTitle>
    <titlePart type="main">POLLYANNA<lb />
    GROWS UP</titlePart>
    <titlePart type="sub">The Second Glad Book</titlePart>
    </docTitle>
    <byline>
    <hi>By <docAuthor>ELEANOR H. PORTER</docAuthor></hi><lb />
    Author of "Pollyanna: The Glad Book," "Miss Billy,"<lb />
    "Miss Billy's Decision," "Miss Billy-Married,"<lb />
    "Cross currents," "The Turn of the Tide," etc.<lb />
    <hi>Illustrated by</hi><lb />
    H. WESTON TAYLOR
    </byline>
    <docImprint>The Page Publishers<lb />
    Boston Company
    <pb />
    <hi>Copyright, <date>1914,</date> <date>1915</date></hi><lb />
    By Eleanor H. Porter<lb />
    <hi>Copyright, <date>1915</date></hi><lb />
    By The Page Company<lb />
    Made in the U.S.A.<lb />
    The Colonial Press<lb />
    C.H. Simonds Co., <pubPlace>Boston, U.S.A.</pubPlace>
    </docImprint>
    <pb n="vii" />
    </titlePage>

    <div1 type="contents">
    <head>CONTENTS</head>
    <list>
    <item>I. Della Speaks Her Mind . . . . . . . . . 1</item>
    <item>II. Some Old Friends . . . . . . . . . . . 12</item>
    [ETC..... ETC......]
    </list>
    </div1>

    <div1 type="illustrations">
    <head>LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS</head>
    <list>
    <item>"Jimmy looked down at the wistful, eager face"
    (See Page 184) . . . . . . . . . . . . .<hi>Frontispiece</hi></item>

    <item>" 'Oh, my! What a perfectly lovely
    automobile!' ". . . . . . . . . . . . . 30</item>
    </tt></blockquote>
    [ETC...... ETC.......]
    </list>
    </div1>
    </front>

    To see what this encoding looks like when it becomes HTML, CLICK HERE



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